Budgeting for Accountability and Results

What is the true measure of success for tribal programs and activities? Is it output or outcome? Output merely measures the number of people served or the amount of hours employees are spending on a program. But outcome measures results. If your programs don't deliver on their intended goals, your government will be held accountable -- by tribal members and by federal funders alike.

The key to success is thorough budget planning and performance measurement. Once in place, an effective system provides solid feedback to help measure the results of tribal programs and activities, justifying the expenditures for some projects and questioning the expenditures of others. During this class, we'll examine patterns of budget-making, key steps for developing performance measures, creating outcome measure (goals and objectives) and improving program results. Plus, we'll look at what OMB's new circular means for your programs in terms of performance measurement.

This class is a must for anyone who wants to implement budgets and policies for improved performance and tangible results

T O P I C S   I N C L U D E
Tribal Strategy and Planning
  • An Indian perspective on planning
  • Elements of planning
  • Organizational development
  • Strategic planning process
Practical Exercises
  • Beginning the process
  • Developing a strategic plan:
    • Mission, goals and objectives
    • Action steps and output
    • Measures and outcome indicators
    • Budget
  • Linking budget to outcome
Identifying Desired Outcomes
  • Benchmarking
  • Client input
  • Tribal council input
Performance-Based Budgeting
  • Performance-based budgeting in small government entities:
    • Patterns of budget making
    • Interaction among key players
    • Spending criteria
  • Programs impacted (i.e., health, education, social services, housing and law enforcement)
Performance Measures
  • Key steps for developing measures:
    • Amount of resources (input)
    • Program activities undertaken (output)
    • Quality and effectiveness (outcome)
    • Relating resources to outcome (efficiency)
  • Performance measures for tribal governments
  • Implementing change — participative process:
    • Gaining consensus and commitment
    • Developing a plan and timetable
    • Supportive accounting systems
    • Evaluating and acting on results
Outcome Measures
  • Developing meaningful goals and objectives
  • How not to overreach
  • Documentation
  • Communicating and reporting
  • RPMS
  • Ties to funding
Investment Decision Making
  • Cost per successful outcome
  • Monetary value of success
PART — Program Assessment Rating Tool
  • Definitions
  • OMB’s PART questions and weighting factors
  • PART program ratings in FY 2008
  • How PART applies to you
  • Program purpose and design
  • Strategic planning
  • Program management
  • Program results and accountability
  • Asking for consultation
Improving Program Results
  • Monitoring effectively
  • Providing feedback
  • Performance-based budgeting and employee compensation
  • Dealing with unsatisfactory performance

*Topics subject to change.

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