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Scheduled Program
About the Certification Program
Certification Process
Testing Information
Adjunct Faculty


Date: December 13 - 17, 2021
Time: 8:30 AM – 4:00 PM Pacific Standard Time
Location: Las Vegas, NV
Tuition:   $1,725

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Enrollment is one of the most important issues that tribes face—decisions made today will impact your tribe for generations to come. When you arm yourself with a thorough understanding of the issues surrounding tribal enrollment, you can help protect and enhance your tribe’s sovereignty, political status, culture and traditions.

This in-depth certification program covers key enrollment issues, such as blood quantum, enrollment data processing automation, per capita payments, biotechnology, and the tribal constitution’s role, and provides you with valuable tools for moving forward with revisions and adoption of enrollment provisions. You’ll learn about current trends in enrollment policies, as well as trends in modern tribal governance. We’ll examine case studies of tribal membership disputes and discuss constitutional amendments and the drafting of enrollment ordinances. We’ll also explore scenarios for how different changes to your enrollment process could change your tribe’s population and demographics over a number of generations.

Become a Certified Tribal Enrollment Administrator (CTEA). Register today!

T O P I C S   I N C L U D E
Introduction to Tribal Enrollment
  • Why enrollment is important to tribes
  • How perception of enrollment processes and outcomes have changed
  • Federal law and enrollment
  • Tribal enrollment laws
  • Inherent sovereign authority to make membership decisions and determine tribal enrollment and membership requirements:
    • History and current landscape
  • Keys to establishing effective enrollment procedures
Overview of Various Approaches to Enrollment
  • Blood quantum
  • Direct descendant
  • Lineal descendant
  • Residency
  • Implications, outcomes and results of various approaches
Establishing Membership Requirements
  • Types of membership criteria:
    • Blood degree
    • Residency
    • Descendancy
    • Adoption
  • Blood quantum debate
  • Impact of reducing blood quantum requirements
  • Understanding and forecasting the impact of enrollment regulations and policies on generations to come
Overview of Actuarial Population Forecasting
  • Tribal membership forecasting considerations
  • Case studies
The Enrollment Ordinance
  • Constitutional law and amendments
  • Changing membership requirements
  • What is an ordinance?
  • Differences between an ordinance, policies and procedures and SOPs
  • Options for determining enrollment criteria
  • Utilizing the ordinance and maintaining the rolls
  • The well-written ordinance as a daily guide:
    • Avoiding conflicts of interest and de-politicizing membership disputes
  • Evaluating your enrollment ordinance
  • Amending the ordinance to meet your needs
  • Using additional governing documents (such as implementing regulations for enrollment officers)
  • Anticipating unintended consequences
Impact on Voting
  • Election ordinance
  • General provisions
Life of an Enrollment Record
  • How records are created
  • Records management process
  • Need for records management
  • Setting office policies and procedures
  • Understanding the tribal enrollment office's workflow and the flow of a document through your organization
  • A record's life cycle
  • Storing and protecting records (physical and electronic)
  • Preparing records for filing
  • Document preservation
  • Scanning, storing and retrieving documents
  • Handling confidential records
  • Privacy considerations in enrollment matters
  • Document security
  • Developing a records retention schedule
  • Records disposal
Privacy of Enrollment Records
  • Keeping your records confidential
  • Tribal privacy laws and information requests
Auditing Enrollment Records
  • Understanding enrollment windows
  • Forensic audit vs. sampling
  • Integrating electronic and paper records
  • Comparing records to your ordinance
  • The relationship between digital and hard copy data
  • Discovery and preservation of the base roll
  • Security methods
Documentation Authentication
  • What constitutes a valid document?
  • Birth certificates
  • Social security cards
  • Death certificates (of blood-line ancestors)
  • Certificates of Indian Blood (CDIB)
Identifying Common Enrollment Records Problems
  • Inaccuracies
  • Missing paperwork and support materials
  • Security of enrollment
  • Keeping current
  • Addressing procedures and ordinance review
  • Modification and human error
  • Fragile media
  • Decentralized work locations
  • Inadequate policies and procedures
  • Making corrections
  • Notification and appeals procedures
  • Disenrollment procedures
  • Abandonment
  • Relinquishment
  • Removal from physical location (banishment)
  • Consequences of disenrollment for:
    • Tribal members
    • Tribal council
    • Elected officials
    • Employees of the tribe
  • How disenrollment affects the future and past generations of the tribe
  • Temporary disenrollment
  • Due process and appeals
  • P.L. 280 states vs. non P.L. 280 states
  • Nooksack example
Emerging Technologies
  • Fertility technologies (e.g., in vitro fertilization)
  • Definition of a "biological child"
  • State law
  • Addressing emerging technologies issues in your enrollment ordinance
DNA Testing
  • Overview of DNA testing - what is it and how does it work?
  • Cost and determining financial responsibility
  • Potential uses (e.g., establishing paternity)
  • Working with DNA laboratories - collection and testing
  • Developing a process (e.g., sample collection, chain of custody, identification, etc.)
  • Issues and challenges
  • DNA testing and the enrollment ordinance
  • Standard testing for paternity/maternity
  • Kinship and sibship analysis
  • Collateral relationship testing
Current Case Law
  • Banishment
  • Pending applications
  • Disenrollment
  • Impact of Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) and recent challenges to the constitutionality of ICWA
Automated Enrollment Systems
  • Overview and demonstration
  • Features and benefits
  • Challenges and implementation issues
  • The life of an enrollment record (digital and hard copy)
Community/Public Relations
  • Dealing with bad publicity when your enrollment ordinance is changed
  • Building consensus
  • Dealing with per capita payments and the enrollment department's functional role
Trends in Enrollment Policies
  • Implications of antiquated enrollment provisions
  • Consequences of maintaining status quo
  • Revising old constitutions and ordinances to reflect changes in enrollment and membership
  • Shift from blood quantum to lineal decent
  • Tribal membership vs. citizenship
Roles of Federal and Tribal Courts in Enrollment Issues
  • Limited role of federal courts
  • Responsibilities of tribal courts
  • Trends in tribal government/tribal court relationships in enrollment decisions
Enrollment Disputes
  • Case studies
  • Role of tribal courts
  • Accuracy of base rolls and other documents
  • Neutral third parties

*Topics subject to change.


Become certified by completing these simple steps:

The Falmouth Tribal Enrollment Certification Program can also be delivered as an Onsite Program for organizations seeking to certify at least seven participants. To discuss onsite training opportunities, please call Falmouth at 800-992-4489, ext. 119.


To receive your Tribal Enrollment Certification, you must pass the online qualifying exam.*

*Testing accommodations are available to those with a documented disability. Please contact Falmouth at 1-800-992-4489 or info@falmouthinstitute.com to discuss your particular situation. You must request accommodations when you register for the Certification Program for accommodations to be guaranteed.


Falmouth takes pride in its exceptional faculty. We only work with outstanding trainers who have years of specialized Indian Country experience and who are experts in their fields. You can expect your instructor(s) for this program to deliver top quality training suited to your unique needs as a tribal enrollment professional.